CLAMP. From left to right: Tsubaki Nekoi, Nanase Ohkawa, Satsuki Igarashi and Mokona.

CLAMP (クランプ, Kuranpu) is an all-female Japanese mangaka group which has earned the title of the Queens of Shōjo (being shojo the manga directed to young girls). They have a very sadistic style which could be interpreted as manga for adult people, but also varying the themes of their series, from childish and comedic to dramatic, tragedy and teen-rated. They are worldwide known for Card Captor Sakura.

The group currently consists of four Osaka women: their leader, Nanase Ohkawa (大川 七瀬, Ōkawa Nanase), who provides much of the storyline, scripting and direction; Mokona (もこな, Mokona), formerly Mokona Apapa, who usually's in charge of the art; Tsubaki Nekoi (猫井 椿, Nekoi Tsubaki), formerly Mick Nekoi, and Satsuki Igarashi (いがらし 寒月, Igarashi Satsuki), she conserved her name but changed her Hiragana and Kanji (formerly 五十嵐さつき), both of them assistants.

They started as a dōjinshi circle called Clamp Cluster in the mid 1980s, drawing dôjinshis from 1987 until 1991. Originally, CLAMP was a 12-member group. They were: Mokona Apapa, Tsubaki Nekoi, Satsuki Igarashi, O-Kyon, Sei Nanao, Tamayo Akiyama, Leeza Sei, Sōshi Hishika, Kazue Nakamori, Shinya Ōmi.

Their dôjinshis were published in a collection called CLAMP BOOK. They also published a "doujinshi" collection called CLAP NEWS, which included small stories with their most recent series at the time, and artbook images. They currently reside in Tokyo.

CLAMP created their original artwork by 1987. Because of the successes they had, seven of them decided to go professionally, debuting with their first manga, RG Veda in 1989. The three additional members were: Nanao Sei 七穂せい, Hijiri Leeza 聖りいざ and Akiyama Tamayo 秋山たまよ, the latter having written DERAYD and CLUSTER with CLAMP. Akiyama is now a solo mangaka, and has completed a fourth volume of CLUSTER. Nanao Sei was the first of those three to quit the group as she saw no future in drawing anymore.

All CLAMP's manga suddenly stopped serialization for a few months in mid-1994. Officially, Ookawa was recovering from the effects of an unhealthy diet, but the probable real cause was CLAMP's dissatisfaction with the policies of Asuka's editor. Contributing to their absence was CLAMP's addiction to video games (they have portrayed themselves as fans of Streetfighter II, the Jojo's Bizarre Adventure game, and Shin-Megami Tensei 真・女神転生).

After the departure of those three members, CLAMP's style has been changing. Not so much the drawing style, but especially the stories. The first CLAMP series where darker of nature, latter series seem to radiate an intense happiness. More recently, CLAMP has broadened their horizon and made Shounen and Seinen series.

The members of CLAMP are fond of a good prank, proven by the following anecdote:
In Puff Magazine, there's every month a character poll. In order to get a character a point, you have to send in a drawing of the character, so every point is really earned. In Puff #10, 1994, "Kuujou Joutarou" character from "Jojo's bizarre adventure" suddenly tops the poll, and the reason... Clamp confessed that they have been drawing entries to the Puff poll to make Kuujou Joutarou from Jojo No.1 in the poll! Well, they made it! The character had 210 entries and topped the poll, and from what they said, I figured that nearly all entries were done by Clamp! Some of the drawings and messages were published, and they are so funny... Even the editor of Puff was very surprised by the postcards mountain from Clamp. He said there must be more than 50 entries from each members.

CLAMP had their 15th anniversary in 2004 as a mangaka group, and their members decided to change their names. Why they changed their name, which was revealed in a later interview with Ohkawa, was of different reasons as:

• Mokona wanted to drop her surname because it sounded too immature for her liking.

• Nekoi disliked people who commented that her name was the same as Mick Jagger's.

• Ohkawa and Igarashi, who wanted to go with the flow, also changed their names as well.

Ageha Ohkawa recently changed her name back to her original name, Nanase Okhawa.



  • CLAMP BOOK # 1 Shinjuku Junai Monogatari (dojinshi of Monogatari)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 2 Kujaku Myouou Darani (dojinshi of Kujakuou)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 3 Yoiko no Saint Daihyakka (dojinshi of Saint Seiya)
  • CLAMP BOOK Shining Star (CLAMP original artwork. Re-edited in 1990 by Kadokawa Shoten)


  • CLAMP BOOK # 4 POTATO CLUB (dojinshi of Capitain Tsubasa)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 5 Ginga Eiyuu Densetsu Satsujin Jiken (dojinshi of Gin-Ei-Den Souryuuden)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 6 Seiden Disco Version (dojinshi of Seiden)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 6 Seiden Disco Version Saishuu Fukkokuban (dojinshi of Seiden)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 7 Hisshou! Tanaka Yoshiki Sensei Kouryakuhou (dojinshi of Ginga Eiyuu Densetsu Souryuuden)
  • CLAMP BOOK # 8 LET'S PLAY WITH EARTHIAN:PIN PON PAN! (dojinshi of Erthian)
  • CLAMP BOOK #10 Karura Bonodori! (dojinshi of Karura Mau!)
  • CLAMP BOOK #11 SHOTEN #1 (CLAMP original artwork)
  • CLAMP BOOK #12 Fuuun Samurái Trooper Jou (dojinshi of Troopers)


  • CLAMP BOOK #13 SHOTEN #2 (CLAMP original artwork)
  • CLAMP BOOK #14 Seiden Kessakushuu (dojinshi of Seiden)
  • CLAMP BOOK #15 BREAK SHOT INSTRUCTION in CLAMP (dojinshi of Break Shot)
  • CLAMP BOOK #16 SHOTEN: "SPECIAL" (CLAMP original artwork)
  • CLAMP BOOK #17 SHOTEN #3 (CLAMP original artwork)
  • CLAMP BOOK #18 Watashi no Himitsu Heiki (dojinshi of Shurato)


  • CLAMP BOOK #19 SHOTEN #5 (CLAMP original artwork)
  • CLAMP BOOK #20 Heart nibun no Kyojin no hoshi (dojinshi de Kyojin no Hoshi)
  • CLAMP BOOK #21 SHOTEN #6 (CLAMP original artwork)


  • CLAMP BOOK #22 Shinkyoku Divina Commedia in Devilman (dojinshi of Devilman)

(Note: In dōjinshi SHOTEN #5 you can see clearly on the cover, the prototypes for the Tokyo Babylon Characters)

Original ArtworkEdit

Future worksEdit

Name Status

Ongoing/ on hiatus worksEdit

Name Publisher, Magazine Publishing Year Number of Volumes
Clover (クローバー, Kurōbaa) Kōdansha

Amie (halted)

1997 - 1999 4
Legal Drug (合法ドラッグ, Gohō Drug) Kadokawa Shoten

Shoujo Tenkoku / Asuka Mystery DX (halted)

Resumed on November 4, 2011 in Young Ace.

2002 - 2003


X (エックス, Ekkusu) Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka (halted)

1992 - 2003 18
GATE 7 (ゲート セブン Gēto Sebun) Originally a oneshot, the actual series began serialization in Jump SQ. 2011 4
XxxHOLiC (XXXHOLiC ◆ 戻 < レイ > xxxHOLiC Rei) Kōdansha

Young Magazine

March 2013 – ongoing 2

Complete worksEdit

Complete work, compiled in tankoubons.

Name Publisher, Magazine Publishing Year Number of Volumes
Shining Star (, Syainii Staa) (doujinshi) / Kadokawa Shoten (1990)
Clamp Book


Shoten (書店, Shoten) doujinshi

Clamp Book

1988 - 1990 5
Derayd (, Deraaii) Shinkigensha 1989 1
Mouryou Kiden: Legend of the Nymph (魍魎姫伝, Mōryō Kiden) Kadokawa Shoten 1994 – 1995 3
Like Stars Army War (破軍星戦記, Hagun Seisenki) Fusion Product 1
RG Veda (聖伝, Sei-den) Shinshokan


1989 - 1994 10
Cluster (, Kurostaa) Shinkigensha 1990 - 1995 10
Man of Many Faces (20面相におねがい!!, 20 Mensō ni Onegai!!) Kadokawa Shoten

Comic Genki

1990 - 1991 2
Tokyo Babylon (東京BABYLON, Tōkyō BABYLON) Shinshokan


1991 - 1994 7
Combination (コンビネーション, Konbinesyoo) Shinshokan / Kōbunsha

Val Pretty

1991-1996 6
Clamp School Detectives (CLAMP学園探偵団, Clamp Gakuen Tanteidan) Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka Mystery DX

1992 - 1993 3
The Legend of Chun Hyang (新・春香伝, Shin Shunka-den) Hakusensha

Hana to Yume

1992 1
Shirahime-Syo: Snow Goddess Tales (白姫抄, Shirahime-Shō) Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka Mystery DX

1992 1
Duklyon: Clamp School Defenders (学園特警デュカリオン, Gakuen Tokkei Dyukarion) Kadokawa Shoten

Comic Genki no Moto

1992 - 1993 2
Rex, A Dinosaur story (れっくす:「恐竜物語, Rekkusu: Kyōryū Monogatari) Kadokawa Shoten


1993 1
Magic Knight Rayearth (魔法騎士レイアース, Majikku Naito (Mahō Kishi) Reiāsu) Kōdansha


1995 - 1996 3
The Princess Mokona (, Mokona-ojio no E-hom) Kadokawa Shoten 1995 1
Miyuki-chan in Wonderland (不思議の国の美幸ちゃん, Fushigi no Kuni no Miyuki-chan) Kadokawa Shoten

Comic genki no Moto

1995 1
The One I Love (わたしのすきなひと, Watashi no Suki na Hito) Kadokawa Shoten

Young Rose

1995 1
Cardcaptor Sakura (カードキャプターさくら, Kādokyaputā Sakura) Kōdansha


1996 - 2000 12
Wish Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka Mystery DX

1996 - 1998 4
Angelic Layer (エンジェリックレイヤー, Enjerikku Reiyā Kadokawa Shoten

Shōnen Ace

1999 - 2001 5
Suki: A like story (「すき。だからすき」, Suki, Dakara Suki", Suki Dakara Suki) Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka Mystery DX

1999 - 2000 3
Chobits (ちょびっツ, Chobitsu) Kōdansha

Young Magazine

2001 - 2004 8
Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE (ツバサ-RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE-, Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE) Kōdansha

Shonen Magazine

2003 - 2009


xxxHOLiC (×××ホリック, Horikku) Young Magazine/Bessatsu Shōnen Magazine 2003-2011 19
Kobato. (こばと) Shogakukan/Kadokawa Shoten

Monthly Sunday Gene-X (seven chapters)/Newtype (rest of series)

2005-2011 6

Short StoriesEdit

50 - 90 pages work, never edited in tankoubon.

Name Publishing Date Publisher and Magazine
Tenshi no Bodyguard (天使のボディガード, Tenshi no Bodyguard) 1989 Kōbunsha

Val Pretty

Shiawase ni Naritai (しあわせになりたい, Shiawase ni Naritai) 1990 Fusion Product

Genki Tokuhon

Tenku Senki Shurato Original Memory : Dreamer (天空戦記シュラト オリジナルメモリー「夢魔(ドリーマー)」, Tenku Senki Shurato Original Memory : Dreamer) 1990 Kadokawa Shoten

Newtype Comic Genki no Moto

Koi wa Tenka no Mawarimono (恋は天下のまわりもの, Koi wa Tenka no Mawarimono) 1990 Hakusensha Series
Left Hand (左手, Hidari Te) 1994 Shinshokan


Sohryuden: Legend of the Dragon Kings (水都の四兄弟 創竜伝・外伝, Suito no Yonkyōdai Sohryūden Gaiden) 1994 Kadokawa Shoten

Asuka Mystery DX

Yumegari (夢狩り, Yumegari) 1996 Kadokawa Shoten


Ano hi wo shiru mono wa saiwai de Aru (あの日を知るものは幸いである, Ano hi wo shiru mono wa saiwai de Aru) 2002 Kōdansha

Young Magazine Zoukan : Sports Sou

Murikuri (むりくり, Murikuri) 2002 Kōdansha

Young Magazine

Washizu August 8, 2008 Monthly Kindai Mahjong Original